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The Compleate Hot Spot

compiled by

Don L. Anderson

Seismological Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125

The Compleate Hot Spot Table is a compilation, for all the major hot spots, of data including buoyancy flux, subjective score (Courtillot et al. 2003; primary means a possible deep plume source), geoid height, helium isotope ratios, transition zone thickness, temperature, heat flow, associated lithosphere tectonics, tomographic  features and associations with large igneous provinces.

For many hot spots, the data are incomplete. Please contact us with additional or updated information, suggestions for additional columns or hot spots etc. so we can develop the Table, which we hope will provide a useful resource to scholars.

Click here to download the Compleate Hot Spot Table (Excel spreadsheet).

Click here to download the Compleate Table of Hot Spot Locations (Excel spreadsheet).

The Compleate Hot Spot References

[1] Phipps Morgan (1997) Schilling (1991),  Feighner et al. (1995), Steinberger (2000),  Davies (1988), de Voogd et al. (1999).

[2] Anderson (1998a, 1998b, 1999, 2000a,b, 2001), Ozima (1994), Graham (2002), Moreira et al. (1999), Hilton et al. (1999).

[3] Gu et al. (2003), Dziewonski (2000), Ritsema & van Heijst (2000), Grand (1994), Gu et al. (2001, 2003), Dziewonski (2000), Ritsema & van Heijst (2000), Ritsema & Allen (2003), Grand (1994), Katzman et al. (1998), King & Ritsema (2000), Boschi & Dziewonski (1999), Best et al. (1975), Anderson et al. (1992a, 1992b), Ritsema et al. (1999), Sipkin & Jordan (1975).

[4] Dieu et al. (2002), de Voogd et al. (1999), Christianson et al. (2002), Natland (1980), McNutt et al. (1997), Dickinson (1998), Humphreys et al. (2003), Favela & Anderson (1999), Natland (1980), Burke (1996), Koppers et al. (2001), Wessel & Kroenke (1997), Natland & Winterer (2004), McNutt & Bonneville (2000), Clouard & Bonneville (2001).

[5] Gu et al. (2001, 2003), Dziewonski (2000), Ritsema & van Heijst (2000), Ritsema & Allen (2003), Grand (1994), Bijwaard & Spakman (1999), Inoue et al. (1990), Zhou (1996), Fukao et al. (1992,  2001), Bijwaard et al. (1998), Montelli et al. (2003), Nataf (2000), Best et al. (1975), Anderson et al. (1992a, 1992b), Ritsema et al. (1999), Katzman et al. (1998), Boschi & Dziewonski (1999), Keller et al. (2000),  Sipkin & Jordan (1975), Foulger & Pearson (2001), Christiansen et al. (2002), Zhao (2001).

[6] Bijwaard & Spakman (1999), Inoue et al. (1990), Zhou (1996), Fukao et al. (2001), Bijwaard et al. (1998), Montelli et al. (2003, 2004), Nataf (2000), Fukao et al. (1992, 2001), Bijwaard et al. (1998), Keller et al. (2000), Foulger & Pearson (2001), Christiansen et al. (2002).


References to general data in the Table

  • Anderson, D. L., 2000a The Statistics and Distribution of Helium in the Mantle: International Geology Reviews, 42, 289-311.
  • Anderson, D. L., 2000b The Statistics of Helium Isotopes Along the Global Spreading Ridge System: Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 2401-2404.
  • Anderson, D.L., 2000c Thermal State of the Upper Mantle; No Role for Mantle Plumes: Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 3623-3626.
  • Anderson, D. L., 2001a A statistical test of the two reservoir model for helium isotopes: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 193, 77-82.
  • Anderson, D.L., Tanimoto. T., and Zhang, Y-S., 1992a, Plate tectonics and hotspots: The third dimension: Science, 256, 1645-1650.
  • Anderson, D.L., Zhang, Yu-Shen, and Tanimoto, Toshiro, 1992b, Plume heads, continental lithosphere, flood basalts and tomography, in: Magmatism and the Causes of Continental Break-up, B. C. Storey, T. Alabaster and R. J. Pankhurst, eds., Geological Society Special Publication, No. 68.
  • Best, W.J., Johnson, L.R., and McEvilly, T.V., 1975, ScS and the mantle beneath Hawaii: EOS Fall Meeting Supplement, 1147.
  • Bijwaard, H., and Spakman W., 1999, Tomographic evidence for a narrow whole mantle plume below Iceland: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 166, 121-6.
  • Bijwaard, H, Spakman, W, and Engdahl, E.R., 1998, Closing the gap between regional and global travel time tomography: Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 30,055-78.
  • Boschi, L. & Dziewonski, A. M.,1999, “High” and “low” resolution images of the Earth's mantle - Implications of different approaches to tomographic modeling, Journal Geophysical Research, 104, 25,567-25,594.
  • Burke.K.,1996, The African plate, South African Journal Geology, 99, 341-409.
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  • Clouard, V., and Bonneville, A,. 2001, How many Pacific hotspots are fed by deep-mantle plumes?: Geology, 29: 695-698.
  • Cordery, M.J., Davies, G.F., and Campbell, I.H., 1997, Genesis of flood basalts from eclogite-bearing mantle plumes: Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 20,179-20,197.
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  • Dickinson, W.R., 1998, Geomorphology and geodynamics of the Cook-Austral island-seamount chain in the South Pacific Ocean: implications for hotspots and plumes: International Geology Reviews, 40: 1,039-1,075.
  • Dieu, J.J., Hawkins, J.W., and Natland, J.H., 2002, Tapping of an Enriched Asthenospheric Layer at the Samoan Islands along Fractures Produced by Deformation of the Pacific Plate near the Tonga Trench: EOS Trans. AGU Fall Meet. Supplement Abstract, 83, T51D-02.
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  • Favela, J., and Anderson, D.L., 1999, Extensional tectonics and global volcanism, in Problems, in Geophysics for the New Millennium, Editrice Compositori, Boschi, E., Ekstrom, G., and Morelli, A. eds., pp. 463-498, Bologna, Italy.
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  • Foulger, G.R., and D.G. Pearson, 2001, Is Iceland underlain by a plume in the lower mantle? Seismology and helium isotopes, Geophysical Journal International, 145, F1-F5.
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  • Fukao, Y., Widiyantoro, S., and M. Obayashi, 2001, Stagnant slabs in the upper and lower mantle transition region: Reviews Geophys., 39, 291-323.
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  • Grand, S.P., 1994, Mantle shear structure beneath the Americas and surrounding oceans: Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 591-621.
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  • Gu, Y. J., Dziewonski, A. M., Su, W.-J., and Ekström, G., 2001, Models of the mantle shear velocity and discontinuities in the pattern of lateral heterogeneities: Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 169-11,199.
  • Hadley, D.M., Stewart, G.S., and Ebel, J.E., 1976, Yellowstone - seismic evidence for a chemical mantle plume: Science, 193, 1237-1239.
  • Hilton, D.R., K. Gronvold, C.G. Macpherson, and P.R. Castillo, Extreme 3He/4He ratios in northwest Iceland: constraining the common component in mantle plumes, Earth planet. Sci. Lett., 173, 53-60, 1999.
  • Humphreys, E.D., Dueker, K.G., Schutt, D.L., and Smith, R.B., 2003, Beneath Yellowstone; evaluating plume and nonplume models using teleseismic images of the upper mantle: GSA Today, 10, 1-7, 2000.
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