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AGU Session:

Theory of Earth

S51B: Theory of Earth I (Posters)

S53F: Theory of Earth II

S54B: Theory of Earth III

Conveners: Don Anderson, Gillian Foulger, Jay Bass & James Natland

S51B: Theory of Earth I (Posters)

S51B-4444 Constraining Initiation and Onset Time of Plate Tectonics on Earth
Goetz Roller, Kompassbau Dr. Goetz Roller, Munich, Germany

S51B-4447 Early Earth tectonics: A high-resolution 3D numerical modelling approach
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Ria Fischer and Taras Gerya, ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

S51B-4449 Possible Triggering of the Largest Deccan Traps Eruptions By the Chicxulub Impact
Mark A Richards1, Walter Alvarez1, Stephen Self1, Leif Karlstrom2, Paul Randall Renne3, Michael Manga1, Courtney Jean Sprain3, Jan Smit4, Loÿc Vanderkluysen5 and Sally Anne Gibson6, (1)University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States, (2)Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States, (3)Berkeley Geochronology Center, Berkeley, CA, United States, (4)VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands, (5)Arizona State University, School of Earth & Space Exploration, Tempe, AZ, United States, (6)University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

S51B-4450 True Polar Wander and the Cooling of Earth
Jun Korenaga and Ross Nelson Mitchell, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States

S51B-4451 The Excitation of True Polar Wandering by Extreme Earthquakes over Time
Gabriele Cambiotti, University of Milan - Bicocca, Milan, Italy, Xiujiao Wang, Institute of Geology and Geophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, Roberto Sabadini, Univ Milano, Milano, Italy and David A Yuen, Univ of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States

S51B-4452 Earth evolution as a thermal system
Chunan Tang, DUT Dalian University of Technology, Civil Engineering, Dalian, China

S51B-4453 Global Importance of Mafic Magma with Low TiO2
James H Natland, University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Miami, FL, United States

S51B-4455 Do plumes exist beneath Northwest Kyushu southwest Japan?
Hidehisa Mashima, Meiji University, Center for Obsidian and Lithic Studies, Kawasaki, Japan

S51B-4456 Thinning of Refertilized Sub-Continental Lithospheric Mantle (SLCM) beneath the Main Ethiopian Rift During Tertiary Rifting: Petrologic and Thermal Constraints from (Garnet)-Spinel Peridotite Xenoliths (Mega, Ethiopia).
Alessio Casagli, University of Siena, Siena, Italy, Maria Luce Frezzotti, University Milan Bicocca, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Milan, Italy, Angelo Peccerillo, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy, Massimo Tiepolo, CNR - IGG - Pavia, Pavia, Italy and Gianfilippo De Astis, National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, Rome, Italy

S51B-4457 Subduction-zone crust-mantle interaction is a common mechanism for the origin of oceanic arc and island basalts
Yong-Fei Zheng and Zi-Fu Zhao, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China

S51B-4458 Peroxy Defects in Rock-forming Minerals in the Earth’s Crust and their Role in Resolving some of the Longest-Lasting Paradoxes across the Geosciences
Friedemann T. Freund, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States

S51B-4459 Toward a Comprehensive Understanding of Transition Zone Seismic Discontinuities: Part II. Inferences on the State of the Transition Zone with a Stagnant Slab
Teh-Ru Alex Song1, Xuzhang Shen2, Lars P Stixrude1 and Carolina R Lithgow-Bertelloni1, (1)University College London, London, United Kingdom, (2)China Earthquake Administration, Beijing, China

S51B-4460 Seismic Velocity Assessment In The Kachchh Region, India, From Multiple Waveform Functionals
Ranjana Ghosh1, Mrinal K Sen2, Prantik Mandal1, Jay Pulliam3 and Mohit Agrawal3, (1)National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, India, (2)University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States, (3)Baylor University, Waco, TX, United States

S51B-4461 Shear velocity model for the westernmost Mediterranean from ambient noise and ballistic finite-frequency Rayleigh wave tomography
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Imma Palomeras1, Antonio Villasenor2, Sally Thurner3, Alan Levander1, Josep Gallart4 and Mimoun Harnafi5, (1)Rice University, Earth Science Department, Houston, TX, United States, (2)ICTJA-CSIC, Barcelona, Spain, (3)Rice University, Houston, TX, United States, (4)Organization Not Listed, Washington, DC, United States, (5)Institut Scienfique, Université V-Agdal, Rabat, Morocco

S51B-4462 Teleseismic receiver functions imaging of Siberia
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Mohammad Youssof, Hans Thybo and Irina M Artemieva, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

S51B-4463 Theory of Earth
Don L Anderson, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States

S51B-4464 Is a Cretaceous Superplume in Pacific Ocean Necessary?
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Jing Xue, ITAG Institute of Theoretical and Applied Geophysics, Peking University, Beijing, China; Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, United States and Scott D King, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, United States

S51B-4466 Where has the Flat-Fattened-Farallon Slab gone?
Donald V Helmberger1, Daoyuan Sun2, Kangchen Bai1 and Michael Gurnis1, (1)California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States, (2)University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China

S51B-4467 Multi-Observable Probabilistic Tomography Reveals the Thermochemical Structure of Central-Western US
Juan Carlos Afonso, Macquarie University, ARC Centre of Excellence for Core to Crust Fluid Systems and GEMOC, Sydney, Australia, Yingjie Yang, Macquarie University, ARC Centre of Excellence for Core to Crust Fluid Systems and GEMOC, Sydney, NSW, Australia, Nicholas Rawlinson, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, Derek Schutt, Colorado State University, Geosciences, Fort Collins, CO, United States, Alan G Jones, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Dublin, Ireland and Javier Fullea, Institute of Geosciences (IGEO) CSIC-UCM, Madrid, Spain

S51B-4468 Hotspots in Hindsight
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Bruce R Julian1, Gillian R Foulger2, Oliver Hatfield3, Samuel Jackson3, Emma Simpson3, Jochen Einbeck3 and Andrew Moore4, (1)University of Durham, Department of Earth Sciences, Durham, United Kingdom, (2)University of Durham, Department of Earth Sciences, Durham, DH1, United Kingdom, (3)University of Durham, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham, United Kingdom, (4)Rhodes University, Department of Geology, Grahamstown, South Africa

S51B-4469 Insights Into the Dynamics of Planetary Interiors Obtained Through the Study of Global Distribution of Volcanoes: Lessons From Earth and Venus.
Edgardo Canon-Tapia, CICESE National Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education of Mexico, Ensenada, Mexico

S51B-4470 The Yellowstone ‘hot spot’ track results from migrating Basin Range extension
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Gillian R Foulger, University of Durham, Department of Earth Sciences, Durham, DH1, United Kingdom, Robert L Christiansen, USGS, Menlo Park, CA, United States and Don L Anderson, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States

S51B-4471 Plate Tectonics and Taiwan Orogeny based on TAIGER Experiments
Francis T Wu, SUNY at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY, United States, Hao Kuochen, Department of Earth Sciences, National Central University, Jhongli, Taiwan, Kirk D McIntosh, Univ of Tx-Austin-Geosciences, Austin, TX, United States and U.S. and Taiwan TAIGER Teams

S51B-4472 Material and Stress Rotations: Anticipating the 1992 Landers, CA Earthquake
Amos M Nur, Stanford University, Geophysics, Stanford, CA, United States

 

S53F: Theory of Earth II

S53F-01 Partial Melting, The Low Velocity Zone, and the LAB (Invited)
Donald J Weidner, Stony Brook University, Geosciences, Stony Brook, NY, United States and Li Li, Stony Brook University, Mineral Physics Institute, Stony Brook, NY, United States

S53F-02 Deformation-Driven Melt Segregation: Theoretical Predictions and Laboratory Observations (Invited)
David L Kohlstedt1, Chao Qi1, Yasuko Takei2 and Richard F Katz3, (1)University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN, United States, (2)University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Japan, (3)University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

S53F-03 Top Driven Asymmetric Mantle Convection
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Carlo Doglioni, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy and Don L Anderson, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States

S53F-04 Unloading-Driven Off-Rift Distribution of Volcanism in Rift Zones
Francesco Maccaferri1, Eleonora Rivalta1, Derek Keir2 and Valerio Acocella3, (1)Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany, (2)University of Southampton, Southampton, SO14, United Kingdom, (3)Univ. Roma Tre, Rome, Italy

S53F-05 Weak Elastic Anisotropy in Global Seismology
Leon Thomsen, Delta Geophysics Inc., Houston, TX, United States and Don L Anderson, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States

S53F-06 An alternative view of Earth’s beginnings
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Anne M Hofmeister and Robert E Criss, Washington University in St Louis, St. Louis, MO, United States

S53F-07 Plate tectonics initiation as a random outcome of time-dependent convection
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Teresa Wong, Washington University in St Louis, St. Louis, MO, United States and Viatcheslav S Solomatov, Washington Univ, St Louis, MO, United States

 

S54B: Theory of Earth III

S54B-01 The Imprint of Plumes on Waveforms Using Spectral-Element Method Synthetics (Invited)
Jeroen Ritsema, Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States and Andreas Fichtner, ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

S54B-02 Evolving Views on the Scale and Nature of Mantle Convection
Robert D van der Hilst, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States

S54B-03 Seismological Constraints on Lower-Mantle Convection
Raymond Jeanloz, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States and Miaki Ishii, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States

S54B-04 Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities beneath the Contiguous United States
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Stephen S Gao and Kelly Hong Liu, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, United States

S54B-05 Geology is the Key to Explain Igneous Activity in the Mediterranean Area
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Michele Lustrino, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

S54B-06 The deep water cycle and origin of cratonic flood basalts: two examples from the Siberian craton
Alexei V. Ivanov, Institute of the Earth Crust SB RAS, Irkutsk, Russia

S54B-07 Composition, Temperature, and Focused Melting Beneath Ocean Ridges
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Henry J Dick, WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, United States and Huaiyang Zhou, Tongji University, State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Shanghai, China

S54B-08 The Last Word
Don L Anderson, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States

 

last updated 19th January, 2015

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