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Foundations of Earth Science: The top 100 publications

"If we don't know where we came from, we don't know where we're going."
Airy, G.B., On the computation of the effect of the attraction of mountain-masses, as disturbing the apparent astronomical latitude of stations in geodetic surveys, Phil. Trans. R. Soc., 145, 101-104, 1855.
Gilbert, G.K., A theory of the earthquakes of the Great Basin, with a practical application, Am. J. Sci., 27, 49-53, 1883.
Mohorovicic, A., Das Beben vom, 8.x.1909. Jb. met. Obs. Zagreb (Agram.), 9, 1-63, 1909.
Wager, L.R., and Deer, W.A., The petrology of the Skaergaard intrusion, Kangerdlugssuaq, East Grenland, Medd. Gronland, 105, no. 4, 1-352, 1939.

Milankovitch, M., Kanon der Erdbestrahlungen und seine Anwendung auf das Eiszeitenproblem, published in Belgrade: Zavod za Udzbenike i Nastavna Sredstva, 1941.

New English Translation, 1998:
Milankovitch, M., Canon of Insolation and the Ice Age Problem. With introduction and biographical essay by Nikola Pantic, Alven Global, 636 pp., ISBN 86-17-06619-9.

50th anniversary: Recovery of first basalt core by scientific ocean drilling

J.H. Natland

Sato, Y., Analysis of dispersed surface waves, Bull. Earthquake Res. Inst. Univ. Tokyo, 33, 33-48, 1955.
Tuttle, O.F., and N.L. Bowen, Origin of granite in the light of experimental studies in the system NaAlSi3O8-KAlSi3O8-SiO2-H20, Geol. Soc. Am. Mem., 74, 151 pp., 1958.
Wilson, J.T. (1965), Evidence from ocean islands suggesting movement in the Earth, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 258, 145-167.
Birch, F., Speculations on the Earth's Thermal History, GSA Bull., 76, 133,1965.

Sykes, L.R., Mechanism of Earthquakes and Nature of Faulting on the Mid-Oceanic Ridges, J. Geophys. Res., 72, 2131–2153, 1967.

Isacks, B., Oliver, J. and Sykes, L.R., Seismology and the New Global Tectonics, J. Geophys. Res., 73, 5855–5899, 1968.

Le Pichon, X., Sea floor spreading and continental drift, J. Geophys. Res., 73, 3661–3697, 1968.

Anderson, D.L., Petrology of the mantle, Min. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap., 3, 85-93, 1970.

Richter, F.M., Dynamical models for sea floor spreading, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 11, 223–287, 1973.

“...dubious mantle plume...”
“... it would be most helpful if someone would explain...”

Burke, K. & J.T. Wilson, Is the African plate stationary?, Nature, 239, 387-390, 1972.

Kröner, A., Comments on "Is the African plate stationary?", Nature, 243, 29-30, 1973.

  Turcotte, D.L. & E.R. Oxburgh, Mid-plate tectonics, Nature, 244, 337-339, 1973.
“This explanation ... does suggest that the strength of the plates strongly affects the distribution of volcanoes.”

Holden, J.C. & P.R. Vogt, Graphic solutions to problems of plumacy, EOS Trans. AGU, 58, 573-580, 1977.

“Our extrapolations from these data show that there will be 1,000,000 hot spots by the year 2000. We hope someone proves that hot spots do not exist before it is too late.”

Rona, P.A. & E.S. Richardson, Early Cenozoic global plate reorganization, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 40, 1-11, 1978.

"… the E-W length of N-S converging continent-continent collisional plate boundaries increased from 2,500 to 28,000 km during the interval 55-40 Ma … increase in length of collisional boundaries produced resistance to continued N-S convergence and forced reorientation of plate motions."

Cox, K.G., Flood basalts, subduction and the break-up of Gondwanaland, Nature, 274, 47-49, 1978.

Czamanske, G.K., Gurevich, A.B., Fedorenko, V., and Simonov, O., Demise of the Siberian plume: Paleogeographic and paleotectonic reconstruction from the prevolcanic and volcanic records, North-Central Siberia, International Geology Review, 40, 95–115, 1998.
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Zachos, J., M. Pagani, L. Sloan, E. Thomas and K. Billups, Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to Present, Science, 292, 686-693, 2001.

Niu, Y. & M.J. O'Hara, 2002, Global correlations of ocean ridge basalt chemistry with axial depth: a new perspective, J. Pet., 49, 633-664, 2002.
last updated 16th July, 2020