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Recent papers & books relevant to the debate regarding the origin of hot spots
If you want a PDF offprint of any of the papers listed below, and one is not available, please email the corresponding author requesting one in the first instance. If for some reason this does not work, e.g., if the authors cannot be reached, please email the website manager and one will be posted where possible.
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last updated 31st January, 2010

Puskas C. M., R. B. Smith, 2009, Intraplate deformation and microplate tectonics of the Yellowstone hot spot and surrounding western U.S. interior, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B04410, doi:10.1029/2008JB005940

Burdick, S. Li, C. Martnnov, V., Cox, T., Eakins, J., Mulder, T., Astiz, L., Vernon, F.L., Pavilis, G. L., and van der Hilst, R.D., Model update December 2008: Upper mantle heterogeneoity beneath north America from travel time tomography with global and USArray transportable array data, Seis. Res. Lett., 80, 638-645, 2009.

Radiogenic Isotopes in Geologic Processes

Rasskazov, Sergei V., Brandt, Sergei B., Brandt, Ivan S.

2010, XIV, 306 p. 125 illus., Hardcover, ISBN: 978-90-481-2998-0

Zhu, Guizhi, Yaolin Shi, P. Tackley, Subduction of the Western Pacific Plate underneath Northeast China: Implications of numerical studies, PEPI, 178, 92-99, 2009.

Warren, J. M.; Shimizu, N.; Sakaguchi, C.; Dick, H. J. B.; Nakamura, E. An assessment of upper mantle heterogeneity based on abyssal peridotite isotopic compositions, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B12203, 2009.

Barsanti, M., Papale, P., Barbato, D., Moretti, R., Boschi, E., Hauri, E., Longo, A., Heterogeneous large total CO2 abundance in the shallow magmatic system of Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B12201, 2009.

Catalli, K., Sang-Heon Shim & V. Prakapenka, Thickness and Clapeyron slope of the post-perovskite boundary, Nature, 462, 782-785, doi:10.1038/nature08598, 2009.

Editor's Summary

News & Views

Cobden, L., Goes, S., Ravenna, M., Styles, E., Cammarano, F., Gallagher, K., Connolly, J.A. D., Thermochemical interpretation of 1-D seismic data for the lower mantle: The significance of nonadiabatic thermal gradients and compositional heterogeneity, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B11309, 2009.

Liang, Yan, Qinglan Peng, Non-modal melting in an upwelling mantle column: Steady-state models with applications to REE depletion in abyssal peridotites and the dynamics of melt migration in the mantle, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74, 321-339, 2009.

Mori, L., A. Gomez-Tuena, P. Schaaf, S.L. Goldstein, O. Perez-Arvizu, and G. SolIs-Pichardo, Lithospheric Removal as a Trigger for Flood Basalt Magmatism in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, J. Petrology, 50: 2157-2186; doi:10.1093/petrology/egp072, 2009.

Bird, P., Long-term fault slip rates, distributed deformation rates, and forecast of seismicity in the western United States from joint fitting of community geologic, geodetic, and stress direction data sets, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B11403, 2009.

Lambart, S., D. Laporte, P. Schiano, An experimental study of pyroxenite partial melts at 1 and 1.5 GPa: Implications for the major-element composition of Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts, Erth Planet. Sci. Lett., 288, 335-347, 2009.

Leahy, G.M., Local variability in the 410-km mantle discontinuity under a hotspot, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 288, 158-163, 2009.

Blundell, D.J. and D.A. Waltham, A possible glacially-forced tectonic mechanism for late Neogene surface uplift and subsidence around the North Atlantic, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 120, 98-107, 2009.

Isozaki, Yukio, Illawarra Reversal: The fingerprint of a superplume that triggered Pangean breakup and the end-Guadalupian (Permian) mass extinction, Gondwana Research, 15, 421–432, 2009.

Ali, J.R., Comment on “Illawarra Reversal: the fingerprint of a superplume that triggered the Pangean break-up and the end-Guadalupian (Permian) mass extinction” by Yukio Isozaki

Isozaki, Yukio, Reply to the comment by J. R. Ali on “Illawarra Reversal: The fingerprint of a superplume that triggered Pangean breakup and the end-Guadalupian
(Permian) mass extinction".

Dobrzhinetskaya,L.F., R. Wirth, Jingsui Yang, I.D. Hutcheond, P.K. Weberd, and H.W. Green, High-pressure highly reduced nitrides and oxides from chromitite of a Tibetan ophiolite, PNAS, www.pnas.orgcgidoi10.1073pnas.0905514106, 2009.

Has a Hawaiian plume been found?


Please contribute to on-line discussion by emailing the website manager

Wolfe et al., Mantle Shear-Wave Velocity Structure Beneath the Hawaiian Hot Spot, Science, 326, 1388 - 1390, 2009

Supporting on-line material


Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 188, Issues 1-3, Pages 1-304

The Track of the Yellowstone Hotspot

Edited by Lisa A. Morgan, Henrietta Cathey & Kenneth L. Pierce


Scoping Out Unseen Forces Shaping North America

R.A. Kerr

Sobolev, A.V., S.V. Sobolev, D.V. Kuzmin, K.N. Malitch, A.G. Petrunin, Siberian meimechites: origin and relation to flood basalts and kimberlites, Russian Geology and Geophysics, 50, 999–1033, 2009.

Niu, Y.L. & M.J. O’Hara, MORB mantle hosts the missing Eu (Sr, Nb, Ta and Ti) in the continental crust: New perspectives on crustal growth, crust-mantle differentiation and chemical structure of oceanic upper mantle, Lithos, 112, 1-17, 2009.

Eagles, G., Larter, R.D., Gohl, K., Vaughan, A.P.M., West Antarctic Rift System in the Antarctic Peninsula, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, No. 21, L21305, 2009

Hahm, D., Castillo, P. R., Hilton, D. R., A deep mantle source for high 3He/4He ocean island basalts (OIB) inferred from Pacific near-ridge seamount lavas, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, No. 20, L20316, 2009.

Sisson, T.W., J.-I. Kimura & M. L. Coombs, Basanite–nephelinite suite from early Kilauea: carbonated melts of phlogopite–garnet peridotite at Hawaii’s leading magmatic edge, Cont. Min. Pet., 158, 803 - 829, 2009.

Jackson, M.G., M.D. Kurz, S.R. Hart, Helium and neon isotopes in phenocrysts from Samoan lavas: Evidence for heterogeneity in the terrestrial high 3He/4He mantle, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 287, 519-528 , 2009.

Korenaga, J., How does small-scale convection manifest in surface heat flux?, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 287, 329-332, 2009.

Doubrovine, P.V., J.A. Tarduno, X. Zhao, On the magnetostratigraphic age of Nauru Basin basalts of the western Pacific Ocean and timing of Ontong Java volcanism, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 287, 175-184, 2009.

Holford, S.P., P.F. Green, I.R. Duddy, J.P. Turner, R.R. Hillis, and M.S. Stoker, Regional intraplate exhumation episodes related to plate-boundary deformation, GSA Bulletin, 121, 1611–1628, doi: 10.1130/B26481.1

Zhiwei, Li, S. Roecker, Li Zhihai, Wei Bin, Wang Haitao, G. Schelochkov, V. Bragin, Tomographic image of the crust and upper mantle beneath the western Tien Shan from the MANAS broadband deployment: Possible evidence for lithospheric delamination, Tectonophysics, 477, 49-57, 2009.

O'Driscoll, B., J.M.D. Day, J.S. Daly, R.J. Walker, W.F. McDonough, Rhenium–osmium isotopes and platinum-group elements in the Rum Layered Suite, Scotland: Implications for Cr-spinel seam formation and the composition of the Iceland mantle anomaly, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 286, 41-51, 2009.

Kurz, M.D., J. Curtice, D. Fornari, D. Geist, M. Moreira, Primitive neon from the center of the Galápagos hotspot, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 286, 23-34, 2009.

Ayalew, D. & S.A. Gibson, Head-to-tail transition of the Afar mantle plume: Geochemical evidence from a Miocene bimodal basalt–rhyolite succession in the Ethiopian Large Igneous Province, Lithos, 112, 461-476, 2009.

Smith, A.D. (2009), The fate of subducted oceanic crust and the origin of intraplate volcanism. In: J. E. Anderson and R. W. Coates (eds.) The Lithosphere: Geochemistry, Geology and Geophysics. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 123-140.

Pascal, C. & O. Olesen, Are the Norwegian mountains compensated by a mantle thermal anomaly at depth?, Tectonophysics, 475, 160-168, 2009.

Mashima, H., A melting anomaly in Northwest Kyushu, Southwest Japan: A consequence of the tectonic evolution of NW Kyushu and the origin of a pseudo hot spot in a convergent zone, J. Volc. Geotherm. Res., 186, 195-209, 2009.

Houser, C. and Q. Williams, The relative wavelengths of fast and slow velocity anomalies in the lower mantle: Contrary to the expectations of dynamics? PEPI, 176, 187-197, 2009.

Li, Zheng-Xiang and Shijie Zhong, Supercontinent–superplume coupling, true polar wander and plume mobility: Plate dominance in whole-mantle tectonics, PEPI, 176, 143-156, 2009.

Larsen, L.M. & A.K. Pedersen, Petrology of the Paleocene Picrites and Flood Basalts on Disko and Nuussuaq, West Greenland, J. Petrology, 50, 1667-1711; doi:10.1093/petrology/egp048.

Carminati, E., Cuffaro, M. & Doglioni, C. Cenozoic uplift of Europe, Tectonics, 28, No. 4, TC4016

Demoulin, A. & E. Hallot, Shape and amount of the Quaternary uplift of the western Rhenish shield and the Ardennes (western Europe), Tectonophysics, 474, 696-708, 2009.

Anell, I., H. Thybo, I.M. Artemieva, Cenozoic uplift and subsidence in the North Atlantic region: Geological evidence revisited, Tectonophysics, 474, 78-105, 2009.

Burov, E. & S. Cloetingh, Controls of mantle plumes and lithospheric folding on modes of intraplate continental tectonics: differences and similarities, Geophys. J. Int., 178, 1691-1722, DOI 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04238.x

Gu, Yu Jeffrey, Yuling An, M. Sacchi & R. Schultz, Jeroen Ritsema, Mantle reflectivity structure beneath oceanic hotspots, Geophys. J. Int., 178, 1456-1472, DOI 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04242.x, 2009.

Tian, Yue. K. Sigloch & G. Nolet, Multiple-frequency SH-wave tomography of the western US upper mantle, Geophys. J. Int., 178, 1384-1402, DOI 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04225.x

Huang, Shichun, W. Abouchami, D.A. Clague , F.A. Frey & M. Humayun, Ancient carbonate sedimentary signature in the Hawaiian plume: Evidence from Mahukona volcano, Hawaii, Geochem. Geophys. Geosys., 10, Q08002, doi:10.1029/2009GC002418, 2009.

Regelous, M., Y. Niu, W. Abouchami & P.R. Castillo, Shallow origin for South Atlantic Dupal Anomaly from lower continental crust: Geochemical evidence from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 26°S, Lithos, 112, 57–72, 2009.

Humphreys, E.R. & Y. Niu, On the composition of ocean island basalts (OIB): The effects of lithospheric thickness variation and mantle metasomatism, Lithos, 112, 118–136, 2009.

Fukao,Yoshio, Masayuki Obayashi, Tomoeki Nakakuki and the Deep Slab Project Group, Stagnant Slab: A Review, Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 37, 19–46, 2009.

Moore, A., T. Blenkinsop and F. (Woody) Cotterill, Southern African topography and erosion history: plumes or plate tectonics? Terra Nova, 21, 310–315, 2009.

Discussion of postulated Emeishan uplift


Original paper: He, B., Y. G. Xu, S. L. Ching et al. (2003) Sedimentary evidence for rapid crustal doming prior to the eruption of the Emeishan floods basalts, Earth planet. Sci. Lett., 213, 391-405.

Original paper: Ukstins Peate, I. and Scott Edward Bryan, Re-evaluating plume-induced uplift in the Emeishan large igneous province, Nature Geoscience, 1, 625 - 629, doi:10.1038/ngeo281

Comment: He, Bin, Yigang Xu & I. Campbell, Pre-eruptive uplift in the Emeishan?, Nature Geoscience, 2, 530-531, 2009.

Reply: Ukstins Peate, I. & S.E. Bryan, Pre-eruptive uplift in the Emeishan?, Nature Geoscience, 2, 531-532, 2009.

Nature Geoscience review of Comment & Reply: by Prof. Nicholas Christie-Blick

News & Views article: Christie-Blick, N., Eruptions and extinctions, Nature Geoscience, 2 , 539-540, 2009.


Further comments and discussion on this work are encouraged and will be posted here


See also the webpage summary: Re-evaluating vertical motion preceding the Emeishan continental flood basalt province, SW China by S. Bryan & I. Ukstins Peate

Ballmer, M. D., J. van Hunen, G. Ito et al. (2009) Intraplate volcanism with complex age-distance patterns: A case for small-scale sublithospheric convection, Geochem. Geophys. Geosys., 10, doi:10.1029/2009GC002386.

White, J.D.L., S.E. Bryan, P.-S. Ross, S. Self & T. Thordarson, Physical volcanology of continental large igneous provinces: update and review, in, Thordarson, T., Self, S., Larsen, G., Rowland, S.K. & Hoskuldsson, A. (eds), Studies in Volcanology: The Legacy of George Walker. Special Publications of IAVCEI, 2, 291–321, Geological Society, London.

Mashima, H, A melting anomaly in Northwest Kyushu, Southwest Japan: A consequence of the tectonic evolution of NW Kyushu and the origin of a pseudo hot spot in a convergent zone, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., in press, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.06.008

Lohmann, F.C., M. Hort, J. Phipps Morgan, Flood basalts and ocean island basalts: A deep source or shallow entrainment?, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 284, 553-563, 2009.

Wessel, P. & L.W. Kroenke, Observations of geometry and ages constrain relative motion of Hawaii and Louisville plumes, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 284, 467-472, 2009.

Millet, M.-A., R. Doucelance, J.A. Baker, P. Schiano, Reconsidering the origins of isotopic variations in Ocean Island Basalts: Insights from fine-scale study of São Jorge Island, Azores archipelago, Chemical Geology, 265, 289-302, 2009.

Beccaluva, L., G. Bianchini, C. Natali, and F. Siena, Continental Flood Basalts and Mantle Plumes: a Case Study of the Northern Ethiopian Plateau, J. Petrology, 50, 1377-1403; doi:10.1093/petrology/egp024

Nardini, I., P. Armienti, S. Rocchi, L. Dallai, and D. Harrison, Sr-Nd-Pb-He-O Isotope and Geochemical Constraints on the Genesis of Cenozoic Magmas from the West Antarctic Rift, J. Petrology, 50, 1359-1375; doi:10.1093/petrology/egn082

Bjarnason, I.T. & and H. Schmeling, The lithosphere and asthenopshere of the Iceland hotspot from surface waves, Geophysical Journal International, 178, 394-418, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04155.x

Ireland, T.J., R. Arevalo Jr., R.J. Walker, W.F. McDonough, Tungsten in Hawaiian picrites: A compositional model for the sources of Hawaiian lavas, Geochem. et Cosmochim. Acta., 73, 4517-4530, 2009.

Roy, M., T.H. Jordan & J. Pederson, Colorado Plateau magmatism and uplift by warming of heterogeneous lithosphere, Nature, 459, 978-982, 2009, doi:10.1038/nature08052

Sobolev, A.V., N.A. Krivolutskaya and D.V. Kuzmin, Petrology of the Parental Melts and Mantle Sources of Siberian Trap Magmatism, Petrology, 17, 253–286, 2009.

Mazumder, R. and M. Arima, Implication of Mafic Magmatism in an Intracontinental Rift Setting: A Case Study from the Paleoproterozoic Dhanjori Formation, Singhbhum Crustal Province, India, Journal of Geology, 117, 455–466, 2009.

Vita-Finzi, C., Pie de Palo, Argentina: A cataclastic diapir, Geomorphology, 104, 317–322, 2009.

Comin-Chiaramonti, P., F. Lucassen, V.A.V. Girardi, A. De Min & C. B. Gomes, 2009, Lavas and their mantle xenoliths from intracratonic Eastern Paraguay (South America Platform) and Andean Domain, NW-Argentina: a comparative review, Miner. Petrol., DOI 10.1007/s00710-009-0061-6

Gaina, C., L. Gernigon, P. Ball, 2009, Palaeocene–Recent plate boundaries in the NE Atlantic and the formation of the Jan Mayen microcontinent, J. Geol. Soc., London, 166, 601–616. doi: 10.1144/0016-76492008-112.

Nichols, A.R.L., C.G. Macpherson, R.J. Wysoczanski, and M.R. Carroll, Evidence for the presence of variably dehydrated recycled subducted oceanic lithosphere in sources along the Reykjanes Ridge and implications for the mantle water cycle, Geophysical Research Abstracts, 11, EGU2009-6514-3, 2009.

Lénat, J.-F., O. Merle, L. Lespagnol, La réunion: An example of channeled hot spot plume, J. Volc. Geotherm. Res., 184, 1-13, 2009.

Mashima, H., The basalt-high magnesium andesite association formed by multi-stage partial melting of a heterogeneous source mantle: Evidence from Hirado-Seto, Northwest Kyushu, Southwest Japan, Lithos, in press, 2009.

Bower, D.J. Gurnis, M., Jackson, J.M Sturhahn, W., Enhanced convection and fast plumes in the lower mantle induced by the spin transition in ferropericlase, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L10306.

Wignall,P.B., Yadong Sun, D.P.G. Bond, G. Izon, R.J. Newton, S. Védrine, M. Widdowson, J.R. Ali, Xulong Lai, Haishui Jiang, H. Cope, S.H. Bottrell, Volcanism, Mass Extinction, and Carbon Isotope Fluctuations in the Middle Permian of China, Science, 324, 1179 - 1182, DOI: 10.1126/science.1171956

Day, J.M.D., D.G. Pearson, C.G. Macpherson, D. Lowry & J.-C. Carracedo, Pyroxenite-rich mantle formed by recycled oceanic lithosphere: Oxygen-osmium isotope evidence from Canary Island lavas, Geology, 37, 555–558, doi: 10.1130/G25613A.1, 2009.

Beccaluva, L., Bianchini, G., Natali, C. & Siena, F., Continental Flood Basalts and Mantle Plumes: a Case Study of the Northern Ethiopian Plateau, J. Pet., in press, doi:10.1093/petrology/egp024.

Fischer, T.P., P. Burnard, B. Marty, D.R. Hilton, E. Füri, F. Palhol, Z.D. Sharp & F. Mangasini, Upper-mantle volatile chemistry at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano and the origin of carbonatites, Nature, 459, 77-80, 2009. doi:10.1038/nature07977

Puchtel, I.S., R.J. Walker, C.R. Anhaeusser, G. Gruau, Re–Os isotope systematics and HSE abundances of the 3.5 Ga Schapenburg komatiites, South Africa: Hydrous melting or prolonged survival of primordial heterogeneities in the mantle?, Chemical Geology, 262, 391-405, 2009.

Chemical Geology, v. 262, Issues 1-2, Pages 1-120

Volatiles and Volatile-Bearing Melts in the Earth's Interior

Edited by Rajdeep Dasgupta and Jacqueline E. Dixon

Lei, Jianshe, Dapeng Zhao &Youjin Su, Insight into the origin of the Tengchong intraplate volcano and seismotectonics in southwest China from local and teleseismic data, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B05302, doi:10.1029/2008JB005881, 2009.

Kawakatsu, Hitoshi, Prakash Kumar, Yasuko Takei, Masanao Shinohara, Toshihiko Kanazawa, Eiichiro Araki & Kiyoshi Suyehiro, Seismic Evidence for Sharp Lithosphere-Asthenosphere Boundaries of Oceanic Plates, Science, 324, 499-502, 2009.

Sheth, H.C., J.S. Ray, R. Bhutani, A. Kumar & R.S. Smitha, Volcanology and eruptive styles of Barren Island: an active mafic stratovolcano in the Andaman Sea, NE Indian Ocean, Bull, Volcanol, doi: 10.1007/s00445-009-0280-z, 2009.

Machida, S., N. Hirano, J.-I. Kimura, Evidence for recycled plate material in Pacific upper mantle unrelated to plumes, Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta,73, 3028-3037, 2009.

Zhang, Jun-Jun, Yong-Fei Zheng & Zi-Fu Zhao, Geochemical evidence for interaction between oceanic crust and lithospheric mantle in the origin of Cenozoic continental basalts in east-central China, Lithos, 110, 305-326, 2009.

White, R.S. and L.K. Smith, Crustal structure of the Hatton and the conjugate east Greenland rifted volcanic continental margins, NE Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B02305, doi:10.1029/2008JB005856, 2009.

Takeuchi, N. A low-velocity conduit throughout the mantle in the robust component of a tomography model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L07306, 2009.

Tanaka, S.; Suetsugu, D.; Shiobara, H.; Sugioka, H.; Kanazawa, T.; Fukao, Y.; Barruol, G.; Reymond, D., On the vertical extent of the large low shear velocity province beneath the South Pacific Superswell, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L07305, 2009.

Tarduno, J., H.-P. Bunge, N. Sleep, U. Hansen, The Bent Hawaiian-Emperor Hotspot Track: Inheriting the Mantle Wind, Science, 324, 50-53, 2009.

Matton, G. and M. Jébrak, The Cretaceous Peri-Atlantic Alkaline Pulse (PAAP): Deep mantle plume origin or shallow lithospheric break-up?, Tectonophysics, 469, 1-12, 2009, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2009.01.001

Herzberg, C. and E. Gazel, Petrological evidence for secular cooling in mantle plumes, Nature, 458, 619-622, 2009.

Jean-Baptiste, P., P. Allard, R. Coutinho, T. Ferreira, E. Fourré, G. Queiroz, J.L. Gaspar, Helium isotopes in hydrothermal volcanic fluids of the Azores archipelago, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 281, 70-80, 2009.

Gernigon, L., O. Olesen, J. Ebbing, S. Wienecke, C. Gaina, J.O. Mogaard, M. Sand, R. Myklebust, Geophysical insights and early spreading history in the vicinity of the Jan Mayen Fracture Zone, Norwegian–Greenland Sea, Tectonophysics, 468, 185-205, 2009.

Yamasaki, T., and L. Gernigon (2009), Styles of lithospheric extension controlled by underplated mafic bodies, Tectonophysics, 468, 169-184, 2009.

Beutel, E.K., Magmatic rifting of Pangaea linked to onset of South American plate motion, Tectonophysics, 468, 149-157, 2009.

Gac, S. & L. Geoffroy, 3D Thermo-mechanical modelling of a stretched continental lithosphere containing localized low-viscosity anomalies (the soft-point theory of plate break-up), Tectonophysics, 468, 158-168, 2009.

Zhao, Dapeng, You Tian, Jianshe Lei, Lucy Liu, Sihua Zheng, Seismic image and origin of the Changbai intraplate volcano in East Asia: Role of big mantle wedge above the stagnant Pacific slab,Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 173, 197-206, 2009.

Yamamoto, Junji, Koshi Nishimura, Takeshi Sugimoto, Keiji Takemura, Naoto Takahata, Yuji Sano, Diffusive fractionation of noble gases in mantle with magma channels: Origin of low He/Ar in mantle-derived rocks, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 280, 167-174, 2009.

Bjarnason, I.Þ., An Iceland hotspot saga, Jökull, 58, 3-16, 2009.

Frezzotti, M.L., A. Peccerillo and G. Panza, Carbonate metasomatism and CO2 lithosphere-asthenosphere degassing beneath the western Mediterranean: An integrated model arising from petrological and geophysical data, Chemical Geology, online publication, 2009.

Zhang, Chi and Zhenhao Duan, A model for C–O–H fluid in the Earth’s mantle, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73, 2089-2102, 2009.

Verhoeven, O., Mocquet, A., Vacher, P., Rivoldini, A., Menvielle, M., Arrial, P.-A., Choblet, G., Tarits, P., Dehant, V., Van Hoolst, T., Constraints on thermal state and composition of the Earth's lower mantle from electromagnetic impedances and seismic data, J. Geophys. Res., 114, No. B3, B03302, 2009.

Whittington, A.G., A.M. Hofmeister & P.I. Nabelek, Temperature-dependent thermal diffusivity of the Earth’s crust and implications for magmatism, Nature, 458, 319-321, 2009, doi:10.1038/nature07818.

For News & Views comment, click here.

Polyakov, V.B., Equilibrium Iron Isotope Fractionation at Core-Mantle Boundary Conditions, Science, 323, 912-914, 2009.

For supplementary material, click here.

For Perspectives comment, click here.

Lei, J., D. Zhao, B. Steinberger, B. Wud, F. Shene, Z. Li, New seismic constraints on the upper mantle structure of the Hainan plume, PEPI, 173, 33–50, 2009.

Melluso, L., H.C. Sheth, J.J. Mahoney, V. Morra, C.M. Petrone & M. Storey, Correlations between silicic volcanic rocks of the St Mary’s Islands (southwestern India) and eastern Madagascar: implications for Late Cretaceous India–Madagascar reconstructions, J. Geol. Soc., London, 166, 283-294, 2009, doi: 10.1144/0016-76492007-147.

Castro, M.C., L. Ma & C.M. Hall, A primordial, solar He–Ne signature in crustal fluids of a stable continental region, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 279, 174-184, 2009.

Puchkov, V.N., The Controversy over Plumes: Who Is Actually Right?, Geotectonics, 43 (1), 1–17, 2009.

Ivanov, A.V. and Demonterova, E.I., 2009. Tectonics of the Baikal rift deduced from volcanism and sedimentation: A review oriented to the Baikal and Hovsgol Lake systems. In: Biosilica in Evolution, 27, Morphogenesis, and Nanobiology, Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology, Marine Molecular Biotechnology 47 (W.E.G. Müller and M.A. Grachev, eds.) 27-54. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany.

Sheth, H.C., J.S. Ray, R. Ray, L. Vanderkluysen, J.J. Mahone, A. Kumar, A.D. Shukla, P. Das, S. Adhikari, B. Jana, Geology and geochemistry of Pachmarhi dykes and sills, Satpura Gondwana Basin, central India: problems of dyke-sill-flow correlations in the Deccan Traps, Cont. Min. Pet., 158, 357 - 380, DOI 10.1007/s00410-009-0387-4

Thybo, H. & C.A. Niesen, Magma-compensated crustal thinning in continental rift zones, Nature, 457, 873-876, 2009, doi:10.1038/nature07688

Navarro, A., N. Lourenço, J. Chorowicz, J.M. Miranda, J. Catalão, Analysis of geometry of volcanoes and faults in Terceira Island (Azores): Evidence for reactivation tectonics at the EUR/AFR plate boundary in the Azores triple junction, Tectonophysics, 465, 98-113, 2009.

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