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Recent papers & books relevant to the debate regarding the origin of hot spots
If you want a PDF offprint of any of the papers listed below, and one is not available, please email the corresponding author requesting one in the first instance. If for some reason this does not work, e.g., if the authors cannot be reached, please email the website manager and one will be posted where possible.
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last updated 14th January, 2015

Niu, Y.L., M. Wilson, E.R. Humphreys & M.J. O’Hara, 2012. A trace element perspective on the source of ocean island basalts (OIB) and fate of subducted ocean crust (SOC) and mantle lithosphere (SML), Episodes, 35, 310-327.

Rooney, T.O., C. Herzberg and I.D. Bastow, Elevated mantle temperature beneath East Africa, Geology, doi:10.1130/G32382.1.

Fishwick, S. & I.D. Bastow, Towards a better understanding of African topography: a review of passive-source seismic studies of the African crust and upper mantle, In: Van Hinsbergen, D. J. J., Buiter, S. J. H., Torsvik, T. H., Gaina, C. &Webb, S. J. (eds) The Formation and Evolution of Africa: A Synopsis of 3.8 Ga of Earth History. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 357, 343–371. DOI: 10.1144/SP357.19 0305-8719/11/$15.00 # The Geological Society of London, 2011.

O'Leary, F.G., J.L. Alvarez, B. Moreno & G.F. Panza, S-Wave Velocities of the Lithosphere-Asthenosphere System in the Caribbean Region, PAGEO, 169, 101-122, 2011

Seyler, M., D. Brunelli, M.J. Toplis, C. Mevel, Multiscale chemical heterogeneities beneath the eastern Southwest Indian Ridge (52°E–68°E): Trace element compositions of along-axis dredged peridotites, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 12, Q0AC15, doi:10.1029/2011GC003585, 2011.

Koppers, A.A.P.; Gowen, M.D.; Colwell, L.E.; Gee, J.S.; Lonsdale, P.F.; Mahoney, J.J.; Duncan, R.A., New 40Ar/39Ar age progression for the Louisville hot spot trail and implications for inter-hot spot motion, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, Q0AM02, 2011.

Koornneef, J.M., A. Stracke, B. Bourdon, M. A. Meier, K. P. Jochum, B. Stoll, and K. Gronvold, Melting of a Two-component Source beneath Iceland, J. Petrology, 53, 127-157, 2012; doi:10.1093/petrology/egr059.

Tesauro, Magdala, Evgene B. Burov, Mikhail K. Kaban, Sierd A.P.L. Cloetingh, Ductile crustal flow in Europe's lithosphere, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 312, 254-265, 2011.

Hasterok, D., D.S. Chapman, E.E. Davis, Oceanic heat flow: Implications for global heat loss, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 311, 386-395, 2011.

Styles, Elinor, Saskia Goes, Peter E. van Keken, Jeroen Ritsema, Hannah Smith, Synthetic images of dynamically predicted plumes and comparison with a global tomographic model, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 311, 351-363, 2011.

Ferraccioli, Fausto, Carol A. Finn, Tom A. Jordan, Robin E. Bell, Lester M. Anderson et al., East Antarctic rifting triggers uplift of the Gamburtsev Mountains, Nature, 479, 388–392, 2011, doi:10.1038/nature10566. Click here for News & Views.

James, David E., Matthew J. Fouch, Richard W. Carlson, Jeffrey B. Roth, Slab fragmentation, edge flow and the origin of the Yellowstone hotspot track, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 311, 124-135, 2011.

Martin, E., J.L. Paquette, V. Bosse, G. Ruffet, M. Tiepolo, O. Sigmarsson, Geodynamics of rift–plume interaction in Iceland as constrained by new 40Ar/39Ar and in situ U–Pb zircon ages, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 311, 28-38, 2011.

Coblentz, D.; Karlstrom, K. E., Tectonic geomorphometrics of the western United States: Speculations on the surface expression of upper mantle processes, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, Q11002, 2011.

Smith, D.K.; Schouten, H.; Zhu, Wen-lu; Montési, L.G.J.; Cann, J.R., Distributed deformation ahead of the Cocos-Nazca Rift at the Galapagos triple junction, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, Q11003, 2011.

Focus on ocean islands: An anthology of papers in Nature Geoscience, 4, 813-900

Forty years of plume research, p 813

Mantle dynamics drive the formation of ocean islands and seamounts in the interior of oceanic plates. Yet the mechanisms for generating these volcanic edifices differ from chain to chain, and their material can be generated at a variety of depths.

Mantle plumes persevere, pp 816 - 817, Anthony A. P. Koppers

The ocean floor is littered with hundreds of thousands of mostly extinct volcanoes. The origin of at least some of these seamounts seems to rest with mantle plumes.

Geodynamics: Christmas recycling, pp 823 - 824, Sally A. Gibson

The mechanisms for forming the abundant volcanic islands on ocean floors are debated. The geochemical signature of volcanic rocks from the northeast Indian Ocean suggests that seamounts there formed from melting recycled ancient continental rocks.

Role of the deep mantle in generating the compositional asymmetry of the Hawaiian mantle plume, pp 831 - 838, Dominique Weis, Michael O. Garcia, J. Michael Rhodes, Mark Jellinek & James S. Scoates

Volcanoes formed above the Hawaiian mantle plume exhibit a striking contrast in the geochemical characteristics of the lavas erupted at the northern Kea compared with the southern Loa volcanoes. Isotopic data show that these trends have persisted for more than 5 million years and may mirror compositional heterogeneities in the deep mantle.

Geochemical zoning of volcanic chains associated with Pacific hotspots, pp 874 - 878, Shichun Huang, Paul S. Hall & Matthew G. Jackson

Lavas erupted from volcanoes in the north of the Hawaiian volcanic island chain have a different geochemical signature from those in the south. Analysis of the geochemistry of lavas erupted in the Samoan and Marquesas volcanic chains reveals similar trends, implying that the lowermost mantle beneath the southern Pacific is isotopically enriched.

A deep mantle origin for the primitive signature of ocean island basalt, pp 879 - 882, Frédéric Deschamps, Edouard Kaminski & Paul J. Tackley

Seismic data have identified large-scale compositional heterogeneities in Earth's deep mantle, but their origin is debated. Numerical modelling demonstrates that seismological and geochemical constraints on the character of these heterogeneities can be satisfied if they are composed of primitive material formed early in Earth's history.

Origin of Indian Ocean seamount province by shallow recycling of continental lithosphere, pp 883 - 887, K. Hoernle, F. Hauff, R. Werner, P. van den Bogaard, A. D. Gibbons, S. Conrad & R. D. Müller

The origin of the Christmas Island Seamount Province in the northeast Indian Ocean is enigmatic. Radiometric dating and isotopic analysis of volcanic rocks from the seamounts imply that they were derived from the recycling of continental lithosphere and brought to the surface at a mid-ocean ridge.

Geodynamics: The ups and downs of sediments, Terry Plank & Peter E. van Keken

Neither recycled oceanic crust nor sediments alone can explain the composition of ocean-island basalts, but how about a mixture of the two? Recent modelling using the isotopes of hafnium and neodymium appears to support this contention.

Volcanism: Eruptions above mantle shear, Scott D. King

Why broad fields of volcanism are found in the interior of tectonic plates is hard to explain. Spatial correlations between sheared mantle flow and volcanism suggest that differential motion between surface plates and the mantle generates upwelling and melt.

Geodynamics: Surface impact of mantle processes, Philip A. Allen

Dynamic motions in Earth's mantle can be expressed at the surface. Rocks and landscapes beneath the North Atlantic Ocean record surface uplift driven by pulses of hot material upwelling in a mantle plume beneath Iceland.

Geodynamics: East Africa on the rise, Raphaël Pik

The growth of East Africa's high topography during the past 30 million years cannot be explained by typical mountain-building processes. Numerical modelling shows that much of this topography formed in response to upwelling in the underlying mantle.

The many surface expressions of mantle dynamics, Jean Braun

Earth's topography is attributed to the interactions of the tectonic plates, but flow within the mantle also contributes to surface uplift and subsidence. An overview of recent research indicates that mantle-induced dynamic topography can be reconstructed by integrating the geological record with models of mantle flow.

Role of recycled oceanic basalt and sediment in generating the Hf–Nd mantle array, Catherine Chauvel, Eric Lewin, Marion Carpentier, Nicholas T. Arndt & Jean-Christophe Marini

The isotopic composition of oceanic basalts suggests that they are composed of true recycled oceanic crust and sediments, which are mixed with the depleted mantle.

Recycled gabbro signature in hotspot magmas unveiled by plume—ridge interactions, N. A. Stroncik & C. W. Devey

The geochemistry of lavas erupted at locations where mantle plumes interact with mid-ocean ridges reflects the mixing between the two sources. Analysis of lavas erupted above the Foundation hotspot, near the Pacific–Antarctic Ridge, reveal a geochemical signature indicative of both a primitive mantle plume source and a recycled oceanic lithosphere source.

Patterns of intraplate volcanism controlled by asthenospheric shear, Clinton P. Conrad, Todd A. Bianco, Eugene I. Smith & Paul Wessel

Volcanism observed far from plate boundaries, in the interior of oceanic and continental plates, may result from flow in the underlying mantle. Comparison between a numerical model of mantle flow and the spatial distribution of intraplate volcanism indicates that rapid shear motion in the mantle may drive melting that causes intraplate eruptions.

Spatial and temporal variability in Hawaiian hotspot volcanism induced by small-scale convection, Maxim D. Ballmer, Garrett Ito, Jeroen van Hunen & Paul J. Tackley

Variations in the volume, geochemistry and location of volcanism in Hawaii cannot be explained as the simple consequence of an underlying mantle plume. A numerical model of the Hawaiian plume suggests that small-scale convection in the mantle erodes the base of the overlying tectonic plate and may help generate the anomalous volcanism.

Changes in African topography driven by mantle convection, Robert Moucha & Alessandro M. Forte

Africa's topography is characterized by large-scale uplifted domes and subsided basins. Numerical simulations of mantle flow suggest that high topography along Africa's eastern margin formed as a result of the northward migration of the tectonic plate over the African superplume during the past 30 million years.

Ocean circulation and mantle melting controlled by radial flow of hot pulses in the Iceland plume, Heather Poore, Nicky White & John Maclennan

V-shaped ridges of thickened oceanic crust above the Iceland plume are thought to record variations in the convection of the mantle below. Geochemical analyses of basalt samples taken from the ridges suggest the thickened crust formed as the result of blobs of hot mantle rising up in the underlying plume.

Transient convective uplift of an ancient buried landscape, Ross A. Hartley, Gareth G. Roberts, Nicky White & Chris Richardson

Hot mantle upwelling in the Icelandic plume has caused episodic uplift of sedimentary basins located off the northwest coast of Europe. Reconstruction of river profiles on an ancient buried landscape constrains the history of surface uplift and suggests that pulses of hot plume material spread out at velocities of 35 cm yr-1.

Missenard, Y. and A. Cadoux, Can Moroccan Atlas lithospheric thinning and volcanism be induced by Edge-Driven Convection?, Terra Nova, in press, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2011.01033.x

Keiding, J.K., R.B. Trumbull, I.V. Veksler, and D.A. Jerram, On the significance of ultra-magnesian olivines in basaltic rocks, Geology, 39, 1095–1098; doi:10.1130/G32214.1, 2011.

Rooney, T.O., C. Herzberg and I.D. Bastow, Elevated mantle temperature beneath East Africa, Geology, doi: 10.1130/G32382.1

Hofmann, A.W., C.G. Farnetani, M. Spiegelman & C. Class, Displaced helium and carbon in the Hawaiian plume, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 312, 226–236, 2011.

Doglioni, C., A. Ismail-Zadeh, G. Panza, F. Riguzzi, Lithosphere–asthenosphere viscosity contrast and decoupling, PEPI, 189, 1-8, 2011.

Leahy, G. M., Collins, J. A., Wolfe, C. J., Laske, G. and Solomon, S. C. (2010), Underplating of the Hawaiian Swell: evidence from teleseismic receiver functions. Geophysical Journal International, 183: 313–329. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04720.x

Laske, G., Markee, A., Orcutt, J. A., Wolfe, C. J., Collins, J. A., Solomon, S. C., Detrick, R. S., Bercovici, D. and Hauri, E. H. (2011), Asymmetric shallow mantle structure beneath the Hawaiian swell—evidence from Rayleigh waves recorded by the PLUME network. Geophysical Journal International. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05238.x

Reusch, A. M., Nyblade, A. A., Tibi, R., Wiens, D. A., Shore, P. J., Bekoa, A., Tabod, C. T. and Nnange, J. M. (2011), Mantle transition zone thickness beneath Cameroon: evidence for an upper mantle origin for the Cameroon Volcanic Line. Geophysical Journal International. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05239.x

Keshav, Shantanu, Gudmundur H. Gudfinnsson, and Dean C. Presnall, Melting Phase Relations of Simplified Carbonated Peridotite at 12-26 GPa in the Systems CaO-MgO-SiO2-CO2 and CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-CO2: Highly Calcic Magmas in the Transition Zone of the Earth, J. Petrology, 52, 2265-2291, 2011; doi:10.1093/petrology/egr048.

Balta, J. Brian, Paul D. Asimow, and Jed L. Mosenfelder, Hydrous, Low-carbon Melting of Garnet Peridotite, J. Petrology, 52, 2079-2105, 2011; doi:10.1093/petrology/egr040.

Hier-Majumder, S. & A. Courtier, Seismic signature of small melt fraction atop the transition zone, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 308, 334-342, 2011.

Serretti, P. and Morelli, A. (2011), Seismic rays and traveltime tomography of strongly heterogeneous mantle structure: application to the Central Mediterranean. Geophysical Journal International. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05242.x

Katz, Richard F.; Rudge, John F., The energetics of melting fertile heterogeneities within the depleted mantle, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, Q0AC16, 2011.

Boschi, L., and T. W. Becker, Vertical coherence in mantle heterogeneity from global seismic data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L20306, doi:10.1029/2011GL049281, 2011.

Eccles, J.D., R.S. White, P.A.F. Christie, The composition and structure of volcanic rifted continental margins in the North Atlantic: Further insight from shear waves, Tectonophysics, 508, 22-33, 2011.

Matyska, Ctirad, David A. Yuen, Renata M. Wentzcovitch, Hana Cizkova, The impact of variability in the rheological activation parameters on lower-mantle viscosity stratification and its dynamics, PEPI, 188, 1-8, 2011.

Doglioni, Carlo, Alik Ismail-Zadeh, Giuliano Panza, Federica Riguzzi, Lithosphere–asthenosphere viscosity contrast and decoupling, PEPI, 189, 1–8, 2011.

Huang, Shichun, Juraj Farkaš, Stein B. Jacobsen, Stable calcium isotopic compositions of Hawaiian shield lavas: Evidence for recycling of ancient marine carbonates into the mantle, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 4987-4997, 2011.

Sen, Indra Sekhar, Michael Bizimis, Gautam Sen, Shichun Huang, A radiogenic Os component in the oceanic lithosphere? Constraints from Hawaiian pyroxenite xenoliths, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 4899-4916, 2011.

Japsen, P., J.A. Chalmers, P.F. Green, J.M. Bonow, Elevated, passive continental margins: Not rift shoulders, but expressions of episodic, post-rift burial and exhumation, Global and Planetary Change, in press, 2011

Walter, M.J., S.C. Kohn, D. Araujo, G.P. Bulanova, C. B. Smith, E. Gaillou, J. Wang, A. Steele, S.B. Shirey, Deep Mantle Cycling of Oceanic Crust: Evidence from Diamonds and Their Mineral Inclusions, Science, 334, 54-57, 2011.


Harte, B., Diamond Window into the Lower Mantle, Science, 334, 51-52, 2011

Brandmayr, Enrico, Reneta Blagoeva Raykova, Marco Zuri, Fabio Romanelli, Carlo Doglioni, Giuliano Francesco Panza, The lithosphere in Italy: structure and seismicity, Journal of the Virtual Explorer, Electronic Edition, ISSN 1441-8142, 36, paper 1

Brandmayr, Enrico, Marson Iginio, Romanelli Fabio and Panza Giuliano, Lithosphere density model in Italy: no hint for slab pull, Terra Nova, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2011.01012.x

Cornwell, D.G., Hetenyi, G., Blanchard, T.D., (2011) Mantle transition zone variations beneath the Ethiopian Rift and Afar: Chemical heterogeneity within a hot mantle?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, doi:10.1029/2011GL047575

Beier, Christoph; Vanderkluysen, Loÿc; Regelous, Marcel; Mahoney, John J.; Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter, Lithospheric control on geochemical composition along the Louisville Seamount Chain, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, Q0AM01

Wagner, Lara, Donald W. Forsyth, Matthew J. Fouch, David E. James, Detailed three-dimensional shear wave velocity structure of the northwestern United States from Rayleigh wave tomography, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 299, 273-284, 2010.

Chalapathi Rao, N.V., B. Lehmann, Kimberlites, flood basalts and mantle plumes: New insights from the Deccan Large Igneous Province, Earth-Science Reviews, 107, 315-324, 2011.

Jackson, Matthew G. & Richard W. Carlson, An ancient recipe for flood-basalt genesis, Nature, 476, 316–319, doi:10.1038/nature10326, 2011.

Anderson, Don L., Hawaii, Boundary Layers and Ambient Mantle--Geophysical Constraints, J. Petrology, 52, 1547-1577; doi:10.1093/petrology/egq068, 2011.

Presnall, Dean C. and Gudmundur H. Gudfinnsson, Oceanic Volcanism from the Low-velocity Zone - without Mantle Plumes, J. Petrology, 52, 1533-1546; doi:10.1093/petrology/egq093, 2011.

Niu, Yaoling, Marjorie Wilson, Emma R. Humphreys, and Michael J. O'Hara, The Origin of Intra-plate Ocean Island Basalts (OIB): the Lid Effect and its Geodynamic Implications, J. Petrology, 52, 1443-1468; doi:10.1093/petrology/egr030, 2011.

Pilet, Sebastien, Michael B. Baker, Othmar Muntener, and Edward M. Stolper, Monte Carlo Simulations of Metasomatic Enrichment in the Lithosphere and Implications for the Source of Alkaline Basalts, J. Petrology, 52, 1415-1442; doi:10.1093/petrology/egr007, 2011.

Matzen, Andrew K., Michael B. Baker, John R. Beckett, and Edward M. Stolper, Fe-Mg Partitioning between Olivine and High-magnesian Melts and the Nature of Hawaiian Parental Liquids, J. Petrology, 52, 1243-1263; doi:10.1093/petrology/egq089, 2011.

Niu, Yaoling and Marjorie Wilson, Magma generation and evolution and global tectonics: An issue in honour of Peter J. Wyllie for his life-long contributions by means of experimental petrology to understanding how the Earth works: Foreword, J. Petrology, 52, 1239-1242; doi:10.1093/petrology/egr028.

Hier-Majumder, Saswata, Anna Courtier, Seismic signature of small melt fraction atop the transition zone, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 308, 334-342, 2011.

Ireland, T.J., R.J. Walker, A.D. Brandon, 186Os–187Os systematics of Hawaiian picrites revisited: New insights into Os isotopic variations in ocean island basalts, Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta, 75, 4456-4475 , 2011.

Huang, Shichun, Paul S. Hall & Matthew G. Jackson, Geochemical zoning of volcanic chains associated with Pacific hotspots, Nature Geoscience, published online 18 September 2011, doi:10.1038/ngeo1263

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Huang, Shichun, Juraj Farka & Stein B. Jacobsen, Stable calcium isotopic compositions of Hawaiian shield lavas: Evidence for recycling of ancient marine carbonates into the mantle, Geochem. et Cosmochim. Acta., 75, 4987-4997, 2011.

Sobolev, Stephan V., Alexander V. Sobolev, Dmitry V. Kuzmin, Nadezhda A. Krivolutskaya, Alexey G. Petrunin, Nicholas T. Arndt, Viktor A. Radko & Yuri R. Vasiliev, Linking mantle plumes, large igneous provinces and environmental catastrophes, Nature, 477, 312–316, 2011.

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News & Views article by Paul Wignall

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Yong Keun Hwang, Jeroen Ritsema, Peter E. van Keken, Saskia Goes and Elinor Styles, Wavefront healing renders deep plumes seismically invisible, Geophys. J. Int., 187, 273–277, 2011.

Koppers, Anthony A. P.; Russell, Jamie A.; Roberts, Jed; Jackson, Matthew G.; Konter, Jasper G.; Wright, Dawn J.; Staudigel, Hubert; Hart, Stanley R., Age systematics of two young en echelon Samoan volcanic trails, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, Q07025

Ni, Huaiwei, Hans Keppler & Harald Behrens, Electrical conductivity of hydrous basaltic melts: implications for partial melting in the upper mantle, Cont. Min. Pet., 162, 637-650, DOI: 10.1007/s00410-011-0617-4

Cormier, M.-H., K. D. Gans, and D. S. Wilson (2011), Gravity lineaments of the Cocos Plate: Evidence for a thermal contraction crack origin, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, Q07007, doi:10.1029/2011GC003573.

Ye, Lingling, Juan Li, Tai-Lin Tseng and Zhenxing Yao, A stagnant slab in a water-bearing mantle transition zone beneath northeast China: implications from regional SH waveform modelling, Geophy. J. Int.,, 186, 706–710, 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05063.x

Lekic, Vedran, Barbara Romanowicz, Tectonic regionalization without a priori information: A cluster analysis of upper mantle tomography, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 308, 151-160, 2011.

Della Mora, S.; Boschi, L.; Tackley, P. J.; Nakagawa, T.; Giardini, D., Low seismic resolution cannot explain S/P decorrelation in the lower mantle, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, No. 12, L12303, 10.1029/2011GL047559, 2011.

Sumino, H., L.F. Dobrzhinetskaya, R. Burgess, H. Kagi, Deep-mantle-derived noble gases in metamorphic diamonds from the Kokchetav massif, Kazakhstan, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 307,439-449, 2011.

Hanyu, Takeshi, Yoshiyuki Tatsumi, Jun-Ichi Kimura, Constraints on the origin of the HIMU reservoir from He–Ne–Ar isotope systematics, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 307, 377-386, 2011.

Adams, A. & A. Nyblade, Shear wave velocity structure of the southern African upper mantle with implications for the uplift of southern Africa, Article first published online: 27 JUN 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05072.x Click here for Erratum.

Serrano, L., L. Ferrari, M.L. Martinez, C.M. Petrone, and C. Jaramillo, An integrative geologic, geochronologic and geochemical study of Gorgona Island, Colombia: Implications for the formation of the Caribbean Large Igneous Province, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 309, 324-336, 2011.

Sobolev, A.V., A.W. Hofmann, K.P. Jochum, D.V. Kuzmin & B. Stoll, A young source for the Hawaiian plume, Nature, Published online 10 August 2011, doi:10.1038/nature10321

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Sobolev, A.V., A.W. Hofmann, K.P.l Jochum, D.V. Kuzmin & B. Stoll, Heterogeneities in the mantle plume: Spatial scales and ages, Abstract, Goldschmidt Conference, 2011.

O'Donnell, J.P., E. Daly, C. Tiberi, I.D. Bastow, B.M. O'Reilly, P.W. Readman & F. Hauser. Lithosphere-asthenosphere interaction beneath Ireland from joint inversion of teleseismic P-wave delay times and GRACE gravity. Geophys. J. Int., doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.04921.x, 2011.

Ballmer, Maxim D., Garrett Ito, Jeroen van Hunen & Paul J. Tackley, Spatial and temporal variability in Hawaiian hotspot volcanism induced by small-scale convection, Nature Geoscience (2011)doi:10.1038/ngeo1187, 2011.

Christoffersson, A. & E.S. Husebye, Seismic tomographic mapping of the Earth's interior — Back to basics revisiting the ACH inversion, Earth-Science Reviews, 106, 293-306, 2011.

Schmädicke, Esther, Jürgen Gose, Thomas M. Will, Heterogeneous mantle underneath the North Atlantic: Evidence from water in orthopyroxene, mineral composition and equilibrium conditions of spinel peridotite from different locations at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Lithos, 125, 308-320, 2011.

Ye, Lingling, Juan Li, Tai-Lin Tseng and Zhenxing Yao, A stagnant slab in a water-bearing mantle transition zone beneath northeast China: implications from regional SH waveform modelling, Geophys. J. Int., Article first published online: 2 JUN 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05063.x

van Hinsbergen, Douwe J.J.; Steinberger, B.; Doubrovine, Pavel V.; Gassmöller, René, Acceleration and deceleration of India-Asia convergence since the Cretaceous: Roles of mantle plumes and continental collision, J. Geophys. Res., 116, B06101, 2011.

Helffrich, G.; Kendall, J.-M.; Hammond, J.O.S.; Carroll, M.R., Sulfide melts and long-term low seismic wavespeeds in lithospheric and asthenospheric mantle, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L11301, 2011.

Cao, Q., R. D. van der Hilst, M. V. de Hoop, and S.-H. Shim, Seismic Imaging of Transition Zone Discontinuities Suggests Hot Mantle West of Hawaii, Science, 332, 1068-1071, 2011.

Hoernle, Kaj, Folkmar Hauff, Thomas F. Kokfelt, Karsten Haase, Dieter Garbe-Schönberg, Reinhard Werner, On- and off-axis chemical heterogeneities along the South Atlantic Mid-Ocean-Ridge (5–11°S): Shallow or deep recycling of ocean crust and/or intraplate volcanism?, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 306, 86-97, 2011.

Armentrout, Matthew; Kavner, Abby , High pressure, high temperature equation of state for Fe[2]SiO[4] ringwoodite and implications for the Earth's transition zone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L08309, 2011.

Conrad, Clinton P., Todd A. Bianco, Eugene I. Smith & Paul Wessel, Patterns of intraplate volcanism controlled by asthenospheric shear, Nature Geoscience, 4, 317–321, 2011, doi:10.1038/ngeo1111.

King, Scott D., Volcanism: Eruptions above mantle shear, Nature Geoscience, 4, 279–280, 2011, doi:10.1038/ngeo1135

Green, David H., William O. Hibberson, István Kovács & Anja Rosenthal, Water and its influence on the lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary, Nature, 472, 504, 2011, doi:10.1038/nature09948

Levander, A., B. Schmandt, M. S. Miller, K. Liu, K. E. Karlstrom, R. S. Crow, C.-T. A. Lee & E. D. Humphreys, Continuing Colorado plateau uplift by delamination-style convective lithospheric downwelling, Nature, 472, 461–465, 2011, doi:10.1038/nature10001

Lay, Thorne and Edward J. Garnero, Deep Mantle Seismic Modeling and Imaging, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 39: 91-123, 2011, DOI: 10.1146/annurev-earth-040610-133354

Lee, Cin-Ty A., Peter Luffi, and Emily J. Chin, Building and Destroying Continental Mantle, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 39: 59-90, 2011, DOI: 10.1146/annurev-earth-040610-133505

Nestola, F., P. Nimis, L. Ziberna, M. Longo, A. Marzoli, J.W. Harris, M.H. Manghnani, Y. Fedortchouk, First crystal-structure determination of olivine in diamond: Composition and implications for provenance in the Earth's mantle, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 305, 249-255, 2011.

Day, J.M.D. & D.R. Hilton, Origin of 3He/4He ratios in HIMU-type basalts constrained from Canary Island lavas, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 305, 226-234, 2011.

Sleep, N.H., Small-scale convection beneath oceans and continents, Chinese Science Bulletin, 56(13) 1292-1317, 2011. DOI: 10.1007/s11434-011-4435-x

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