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Please remember to acknowledge the author(s) of materials borrowed from these slide shows.


Petrology and Geodynamics

An undergraduate course by Michele Lustrino, University of Rome, comprising six .pptx files plus several MS Excel simple exercises. Much of the material is devoted on the mantle plume hypothesis. The pptx files are fully modifiable and with animations.

  1. Classification of Igneous Rocks.pptx
  2. Mantle Melting (1).pptx
  3. Geotherm, Adiabat and Potential Temperature.pptx
  4. Mantle melting (2).pptx
  5. Melting in Subduction Settings.pptx
  6. Chemical Geodynamics.pptx
  7. CIPW Norm Scheme (shown in Lesson 1).pdf
  8. Exercise1_Classification of rock series (for students).xlsx
  9. Exercise2_REE modeling (for students).xlsx
  10. Exercise3_Kd ol-cpx (for students).xlsx
  11. Exercise4_Calculation of residual mantle composition (for students).xlsx
  12. Exercise5_Calculation of initial isotopic ratios (for students).xlsx
  13. Exercise6_Mixing equations for isotopic ratios (for students).xlsx
  14. Exercise7_Major element mass balance during fractional crystallization (for students).xlsx
  15. Exercise8_Trace element fractional crystallization (for students).xlsx
  16. Stracke et al 2005 (FOZO movie).mov

New teaching videos:

Rifts for lower division students:

Rifts for upper division students:

Do Mantle Plumes Exist?

Lecture delivered to the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, 22-25 September, 2019.

See also the webpage Imre Lakatos’s methodology of scientific research programmes & the mantle plume hypothesis

Are Mantle Plumes Real?

Lecture delivered to the Durham Workshop on Realism & the Earth Sciences, 15-16 January, 2018

G.R. Foulger

The Mantle Plume Debate Workshop

Meiji University, Tokyo, 26th May, 2018

10:00-11:00 Foulger, R. Gillian (Durham Univ.)
“The Plate vs. Plume controversy: Why has it not been resolved?”

11:00-12:00 Julian, R. Bruce (Durham Univ.)
“Seismic tomography: Challenges and new approaches”

13:30-14:30 Matsubara, Makoto?NIED?
“Standard 3D seismic velocity structure beneath Japanese Islands and configuration of Moho discontinuity”

14:30-15:30 Sheth C. Hetu (IIT, Bombay, JSPS Fellow)
“A mantle plume origin of the Deccan flood basalts: How certain?”

15:30-16:30 Mashima, Hidehisa?COLS, Meiji Univ.?
“Opening Tectonics of the Japan Sea inferred from geological evidence"

Are Mantle Plumes Real?

Lecture delivered to the Durham Workshop on Realism & the Earth Sciences, 15-16 January, 2018

Gillian R. Foulger

The Dark Side of Plumes

a Powerpoint Presentation delivered to University College London, 5th May, 2017
M. Lustrino

The North Atlantic: Exceptional, or the Rule?

Lecture delivered to the joint meeting of the Yorkshire Geological Society and the North Eastern Geological Society, 28th January, 2017

Gillian R. Foulger

Morgan 1981 Atlantic Hotspots Powerpoint

assembled by Michele Lustrino

A Plate Model for Yellowstone

Presentation given to the Geologists of Jackson Hole, Wyoming, USA, July 22, 2015

Gillian R. Foulger, Durham University, UK

Plates vs. Plumes

Presentation given to the Geologists of Jackson Hole, Wyoming, USA, July 21, 2015

Gillian R. Foulger, Durham University, UK

Lecture given by Gillian R. Foulger to the Geological Society of Australia, Tasmania Branch

University of Tasmania, 28th April, 2015


AGU Fall Meeting 2014, Don L. Anderson Special Session: Theory of Earth

S53F-03 Top Driven Asymmetric Mantle Convection
Download Powerpoint
Carlo Doglioni, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy and Don L Anderson, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States

S54B-05 Geology is the Key to Explain Igneous Activity in the Mediterranean Area
Download Powerpoint
Michele Lustrino, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Plates vs Plumes: A Geological Controversy

Presentation given at the International Workshop on Seismological Grand Challenges in Understanding Earth's Dynamic System

in memory of Prof. Dr. Kâzim Ergin, on the 40th Anniversary Year of the Foundation of the Department of Geophysical Engineering, The Faculty of Mines, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

24th November, 2014

Gillian R. Foulger

Caveats on Tomographic Images

Presentation 9197, given to EGU 2014 meeting

Gillian R. Foulger, Giuliano F. Panza, Irina M. Artemieva, Ian D. Bastow, Fabio Cammarano, John R. Evans, Warren B. Hamilton, Bruce R. Julian, Michele Lustrino, Hans Thybo, Tatiana B. Yanovskaya

Unsuccessful Mantle Plume Hunting in and Around the Mediterranean

Research seminar delivered at Durham University, February 2013.

Michele Lustrino

Temperatures in the upper 200 km of the mantle are ~200 K higher than assumed in canonical geotherms

Don L. Anderson

The Pacific and African Deep-Mantle Anomalies are not Superplumes

Delivered at the Gondwana 14 conference, Búzios, Brazil, September 26th, 2011

Bruce R. Julian

Plates vs Plumes: A Geological Controversy

Delivered at the Gondwana 14 conference, Búzios, Brazil, September 26th, 2011

Gillian R. Foulger

Do we really need mantle reservoirs to define mantle processes?

Pietro Armienti & Daniela Gasperini

Plates vs Plumes: A Geological Controversy

Powerpoint slides of the figures

Plates vs Plumes: A Geological Controversy

Gillian R. Foulger

presentation delivered at the University of Cambridge, 28th February, 2011


Plate mechanisms for the formation of melting anomalies

Gillian R. Foulger

presentation delivered at the University of Michigan, Smith Lecture Series, 19th February, 2010


Thoughts on resolution in tomography experiments

Is Hawaii a deep plume…or a wide slow deep fracture zone?
Don L. Anderson

Artifacts of teleseismic body-wave inversion
Don L. Anderson


Geodynamics, Seismology & Plumes

Keynote lecture Powerpoint presentation given at the International Seminar on Seismic Risk and Rehabilitation of Stone Masonry Housing, on the event of the 10th Anniversary of the July 9, 1998 Azores Earthquake

Gillian R. Foulger

Video streamed lecture (hosted by the USGS):

The Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) compared and contrasted with other continental flood basalt provinces

P. Renne

Tertiary-Quaternary magmatism in Europe

A Powerpoint presentation by
M. Wilson

The origin of the Miocene to Quaternary alkaline magmatism in the Pannonian basin, eastern-central Europe

Szabolcs Harangi, Theodoros Ntaflos, Hilary Downes & László Lenkey

Geology of the Caribbean Plateau

Keith James

The Circum-Mediterranean Anorogenic Cenozoic Igneous Province

Michele Lustrino & Marjorie Wilson

European volcanism: Alpine geological processes, or heat from Earth’s core?

A public lecture given at the National Museum of Natural History of Luxembourg, 12th November, 2007

Gillian R. Foulger

Phantom plumes in Europe and neighbouring areas

Michele Lustrino & Eugenio Carminati

The Myth of Whole Mantle Convection – Judge for yourself

Don L. Anderson

Geochemistry of Dominant Low-Ti Basalts of the Siberian Traps and Subduction-Related Model of Their Origin

Alexei V. Ivanov

A slideshow

Summary of Mantle Temperatures
Don L. Anderson

No plume beneath Iceland
Gillian R. Foulger

Self-organized breakup of Gondwana
James Sears

Large Igneous Provinces: Results of Delamination?
Don L. Anderson

Mantle plumes, plumes and “plumes”: do we need all of them?
Alexei Ivanov

Presentations given at the Chapman Conference "The Great Plume Debate", Ft. William, Scotland, 2005

Critical Assessment of Radiometric Ages for Oceanic Hotspot Tracks, Based on Statistical Analysis of Individual Ages, and Evaluation of the Alteration State of the Material Dated
Ajoy Baksi

Testing the Plume Hypothesis
Ian Campbell

Constraints on the observation of mantle plumes using global seismology
Arwen Deuss

Do Hotspot Basalts Share a Common Mantle Source?
J. Godfrey Fitton

The Generation of Melting Anomalies by Plate Tectonic Processes
Click here for the animation needed with this presentation
Gillian R. Foulger

Gillian R. Foulger

Observations of heat flow on hotspot swells
Robert N. Harris & M.K. McNutt

Geochemistry and Mantle Plumes
Chris Hawkesworth

Discussion point on vertical motion associated with Siberian Traps
Alexei Ivanov, A.B. Perepelov & M.Y. Puzankov

Guided Seismic Waves: Possible Mantle-Plume Diagnostics
Bruce R. Julian & John R. Evans

The Geochronology of Hotspot Trails and the Timing of the Hawaii-Emperor Bend
Anthony Koppers

Is the “D” Region the Source of Mantle Plumes?
Thorne Lay

The role of mantle plumes in the Earth's heat budget
Guust Nolet & R. Montelli

Impact Induced Martian Mantle Plumes: Implications for Tharsis
Chris Reese & V.S. Solomatov

Magmatic Evolution of Mauna Loa Volcano: Implications for a Chemically and Thermally Zoned Mantle Plume
J. Michael Rhodes

Crustal Seismology Helps Constrain the Nature of Mantle Melting Anomalies. Galápagos Volcanic Province: A Case Study
Valenti Sallarès

Cracks and Warps in the Lithosphere from Thermal Contraction
David Sandwell

The Deccan beyond the plume hypothesis
Hetu Sheth

Surface Responses to Mantle Plume: Sedimentation and Lithofacies Paleogeography in SW China Before and After the Emeishan Flood Volcanism
Yigang Xu & B. He

Multiscale Seismic Tomography of Mantle Plumes and Subducting Slabs
Dapeng Zhao

Undergraduate presentations, "Frontiers of Earth Science" module 2004, Univ. Durham

What is a plume?
Julian Winter

Are plumes predicted by realistic convection experiments and numerical simulations?
John Watson

What is the origin of ocean island basalt (OIB)?
John Caulfield

Are the predictions of the plume hypothesis borne out by observation? 1. Temperature
Natalie Starkey

Are the predictions of the plume hypothesis borne out by observation? 2. Uplift
Ross Thompson

Have plumes been detected seismologically?
Maeve O’Shea

What alternatives are there to the plume hypothesis?
Helen Brown

Are hotspots “wetspots”?
Claire de Villaneuva

What is the role of the core in plumes?
Graham Smith

last updated 4th December, 2017